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Maps as Historical Resources


MAPs Passkey

Instructions

Find the answers to the questions on this page to get your MAPs puzzle piece and passkey.
The answers may be found on any of the tabs you see on this page: Historical Map Scans, Animated/Interactive, What do these images tell us, or MAPs history.
With five correct answers you'll receive your MAPs Passkey and a completed puzzle piece.

Once you've collected all 5 History passkeys and puzzle pieces proceed to the HISTORY PUZZLE page to put all the pieces together

Questions:

Q1. Why are historical maps so special?




Q2. A maps degree of accuracy can tell us:

Q3. Why is overlaying an one map on another map useful?

Q4. Maps present information which may have been _______ about a region

Q5: A well designed map can display information quicker than text can.



0 / 5 correct

What can historical maps tells us?


A historical map is an archive of information and is able to convey (tell us) historical information in a way no other resource can. With a map we can visualize a places history in a way that a story, letter, or other record is unable to. A map portrays information from a "time in place" about a "place in time". This allows users to interpret what they see and reach a new understanding about the history and development through these maps.

A well-designed map can communicate historical information to readers faster than text can.

Maps also present information which may have previously unknown about a region, for example:

  • Through the variety and detail of the items depicted on the map
  • Users may make new discoveries about their homelands through exposure to maps
  • Change of names through time (ex: Loder Creek is the same as Simmonds Creek)
  • Using these historical maps and interpreting them we are able to reconstruct past information that may have otherwise been unable to identify. In addition, we are able to visualize place-names, boundaries or physical features that have been erased in modern times.

    What other value do historical maps hold?

  • They capture the attitudes of those who made them and represent worldviews of their time
  • A map’s degree of accuracy tells us much about the state of technology and scientific understanding at the time of its creation
  • Traditionally, people read and analyzed maps using a critical eye and a priori knowledge, and the comparison of two or more maps was possible...but the conclusions were only as reliable as the reader’s visual acuity and interpretive skill
  • while its almost impossible to perfection align an old map to modern coordinate systems, the historical information is supplies more than makes up for the small errors in alignment
  • Overlaying maps allows you to query and measure spatial relationships between features

    Questions to ask/answer when you are looking at the maps on the following pages:

  • What type of map is it? (topographic, relief, political, artifact, pictograph...)
  • When was the map made? (year)
  • Who was the cartographer? (or surveyor)
  • Where was the map produced?
  • Why was the map made?
  • What evidence in the maps suggests why it was drawn?
  • List three (3) think in the map which you think are important
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    to the 1700s





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    Content last updated 2013. University of New Brunswick, Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering Department