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1800s in Grand Lake Meadows

1800s Passkey


Find the answers to the questions on this page to get your 1800s puzzle piece and passkey.
The answers may be found on any of the tabs you see on this page: Historical Map Scans, Animated/Interactive, What do these images tell us, or 1800s history.
With five correct answers you'll receive your 1800s Passkey and a completed puzzle piece.

Once you've collected all 5 History passkeys and puzzle pieces proceed to the HISTORY PUZZLE page to put all the pieces together


Q1. Why is 10% alloted to properties?

Q2. What year is the proposed bridge across Jemseg River shown?:

Q3. In the Thatch Island map, it says "Justices for Queens::

Q4. What type of path is shown in the 1813 image from New Brunswick Museum?

Q5: The name of the little Island in the image: RS687B/ S1-6 S1-11 from 1819 is OX ISLAND :

0 / 5 correct

Historical Maps found at Provincial Archives N.B.

What can we learn about this time in Grand Lake Meadows from reviewing these historical maps?
1809 1818

Geographic Location
Full Resolution Image

Location at PANB:
RS656-17S/ Fiche# 9-13
Property boundaries, south-eastern survey area

Geographic Location
Full Resolution Image

Location at PANB:
RS656-7/ Fiche# 43-27
Proposed Road Jemseg area
1819 1819

Geographic Location
Full Resolution Image

Location at PANB:
RS687B/ S1/6-S1/11
Gilbert & Ox Island

Geographic Location
Full Resolution Image

Location at PANB:
RS687B/ S1/24-S1/29
Thatch Island
1820 1840

Geographic Location
Full Resolution Image

Location at PANB:
RS656/ 1J/30-15/1
Bathymetry and Topographic contours

Geographic Location
Full Resolution Image
Location at PANB:
RS687B/ Q2/115-Q2/119
River St. John
1846 1848

Geographic Location
Full Resolution Image

Location at PANB:
Overview of St. John River to north of Maquapit Lake along county boundary (Queen and Sunbury)

Geographic Location
Full Resolution Image

Location at PANB:
RS687B/ S2/80-S2/82

Historical Map courtesy of the New Brunswick Museum 


Full Resolution Image

Geographic Location
Part of Saint John River & Washademoak Lake, Showing Roads & Bridle Paths, 1813, 48 x 37.5 cm, Courtesy of the New Brunswick Museum (19702)

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Animated/Interactive Maps

(1) Transportation routes

In addition to waterways, we see evidence of existing roads which settlers used and proposed roads: including a proposed bridge over Jemseg River.

Western section of study area

Map: RS656-7_HoA_43-27_a, from 1818
In this image the 'red' line represents existing road which is in poor condition
The 'green' line represents a proposed road (and bridge) which will cross the Jemseg River and head northeast.
The 'blue' line represents transportation via the waterways: Jemseg River and the St. John River.

(2) Land Division

Land continues to be divided into smaller lots in some regions of Grand Lake Meadows.
In the notes on image: RS656-17S_9-13_1-1b, it indicates:
in the lots in this image, the usual allowance of 10% for lands and waste is deducted.

Also it notes how they measure width along the frontage or breadth of the lots and the length is measured at right angles to these.
Lot #19 has a width of 11.65 chains, how many meters is that?

(3) Wetland Identification

Map: RS656-17S_9-13_1-1b, from 1809
We see the wetland or 'sunken' and 'undesirable' lands clearly defined by the shaded regions in the map.

(4) Lumbering

In the winter trees were felled (cut down) and collected.
In the spring the logs were floated in the river to downstream mills.

(5) "Official Map"

Map: RS687B-S1-24-S1-29_b from 1819.
This map has a 'Title' indicting that it is a 'Survey' and listing the location which is represtented.
Roll your mouse over the image to see the components that make up this map.

What can we learn about the 1800s in Grand Lake Meadows from these Maps?

    (1) Method of Transportation

Evidence of transportation routes along the land:

  • An existing road which is in poor condition
  • New proposed road and bridge
    1. (2) Land Division

    In some of the maps we see land being further subdivided.

    The government was thinking ahead when land was divided, taking into account allotances (room for) building of roads and waste.

      (3) Wetlands

    Wetlands or 'sunken' or 'undesirable' lands continue to be identified on the maps.

      (4) Lumbering

    During the winter months, trees were felled and collected. In the spring, the logs were floated down New Brunswick's rivers to mills downstream or along the coast.
    If you want to learn more about Logging & lumbering in the 1800s, visit the Natural Resources page by clicking here.

      (5) "Official" Maps

    The first map which is more of an 'Official' map. This map RS687B-S1-24-S1-29_b includes:

  • Title
  • date
  • whom the map is made for
  • the surveyor
  • clearly presented scale.

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  • 1800: Brief historical timeline in New Brunswick (N.B.)

    (as adapted from World Atlas)
  • 1816: First river steamboat was launched at St. John
  • 1820: Lumber industry
  • 1820: Bank of N.B. incorporated (first in the colony)
  • 1825: Miramichi fire, 200-500 people were killed and the towns of Newcastle and Douglastown were destroyed
  • 1830s: The quarries first opened in the 1830s
  • 1839: Aroostook War between N.B. and Maine Lumbermen over undefined border
  • 1842: Boundary dispute settled
  • 1848: N.B. granted self-government
  • 1849: Postal system established
  • 1852: N.B. gained recognition as home of world's fastest clipper ship (Marco Polo, which sailed from Liverpool, England to Melbourne, Australia in 76 days)
  • 1860: Decimal coinage became official tender
  • 1867: Nova Scotia and N.B. were joined in one federal union
  • 1867: British North America Act: became one of four original provinces of Dominion of Canada
  • 1880: Legislature in Fredericton destroyed by fire
  • 1886: Fire at Dalhousie destroyed 22 buildings
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    to the 1900s

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    Contact Us Grand Lake Meadows Queens County Heritage

    Content last updated 2013. University of New Brunswick, Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering Department