we discuss loyalty it is useful to think of a continuum
between the two extremes: maximum and minimum loyalty.
This will be a useful tool in helping us place people
and arguments in context.
thou shalt not
thou shall be
one with me
minimum loyalty we mean, quite simply, the minimum
that has to be done to maintain a loyal relationship
either to a person or to a country. It can be summed
up by the phrase "thou shalt not betray me."
loyalty, at the other extreme of the continuum, is the
complete submergence of the self into a cause, country
or a relationship. "Thou shall be one with me,"
and we will think and feel the same on all matters.
continuum in mind when you read the next two passages.
The Nature of
Patriotism: What Factors control Whether People Are Loyal
To Their Country?
Dr. William Pierce
has changed so much in America during the past 50
years to erode the sense of patriotism so much?
you think about it for a minute you'll know the answer.
The average White person can no longer look on America
as his family. He no longer feels a part of it. It's
just the place where he happened to have been born
and happens to be living. He no longer feels a sense
of kinship with all other Americans. The reason he
doesn't is primarily the result of the enormous increase
in what liberals and the media
call "diversity": that is, the great increase
in the number of people with
whom we feel nothing in common-people with different
roots, people who look different, think differently,
behave differently, and have different values-people
whom we cannot even imagine being part of our family.
When we look at America and see a great many people
like that, when we see all of this "diversity,"
then we no longer feel ourselves a part of America.
We no longer feel a sense of loyalty to America. We
no longer feel like traitors if we do something to
Alliance. The End of Patriotism
to the 20th century the concept of patriotism was
generally understood to be the "family"
feeling-a blend of affection and loyalty-one had for
one's fatherland, the land of one's ancestors.
A related concept was that of nationalism, the family
feeling that one had for one's nation: which is to
say, for one's people. The etymology of the word implied
that one's nation was one's extended biological family:
everyone in the nation was related by birth. If a
nation had occupied a given geographical territory
for a long time, then the two concepts were practically
Patriotism was much more than an intellectual construct;
it was closer to an instinct. It was bred into a people
because it had a survival value. A tribe which could
on the loyalty of its members was much more likely
to survive than one which could not. Thus also the
strong taboo against treason.
When North America was settled by the Europeans in
the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries, the meanings of
patriotism and nationalism were strained a bit. Fairly
soon, however, the descendants of immigrants from
Germany, Ireland, Scotland, England, Norway, Poland,
Italy, and other European countries developed a new
sense of patriotism.
were exceptions, of course
as a rule did not [transfer their loyalty]. Gypsies
still thought of themselves first and foremost as
Gypsies. And Jews remained Jews, with a loyalty only
to the Jewish people, wherever they might live.
population by place of birth and period of immigration,
2001 Census, Canada
- Immigrant population
|Total - place of birth
|Central and South America
|Caribbean and Bermuda
|Other Northern and Western Europe
|West-Central Asia and Middle East
|Oceania and other countries
Statistics Canada, Census of Population.
|Last modified: May 13, 2003.
Ethnic and civic nationalism
Canada can never, of course, be as homogeneous as Germany
was in the 1930s or as much as Dr. Pierce and the National
Alliance would like. However, not all patriotism need depend
on being the same. Indeed, if Germany can be said to be
the exemplar of ethnic nationalism, Canada is one of the
best examples of civic nationalism. Civic nationalism is
a common belief in the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, common
values, and a feeling of attachment to this country and
all that it stands for.