does Press Freedom mean to...
Daniloff, Moscow correspondent, U.S. News & World
Soviet press in the past - although not as true today
- was less than a mirror of the surrounding world. I
think part of this is because Lenin viewed the press
as one of the tools of government. The role of the press
was to be a handmaiden in constructing socialism and,
that people would be demoralized, the Soviet press did
not attempt to report that accidents had happened, that
there had been an earthquake, that a ship had sunk and
many people had died. Rather, the press tried to give
a very bright and rosy picture of the world.
Journalists and the International Federation of Journalists:
CanWest corporation is showing the ugly and intolerant
face of modern media," said Aidan White, IFJ General
Secretary. "While openly interfering in editorial content,
it cravenly punishes those journalists who have the
courage to protest." CanWest has suspended journalists
for talking to outside media and
others for protesting over internal censorship. Journalists
throughout the group - which includes newspapers and
television outlets across Canada - have also been angered
by the imposition of corporate editorials that destroy
local editorial independence.
Korotich, Chairman of the Soviet Weekly literary and
political review Ogonyok:
must imagine our country. Once upon a time there was
a superpower, and in this superpower, everything was
programmed for isolation. What is the difference between
an American and a Soviet journalist? American journalists
hunt for news. Soviet journalists always receive news.
We always received news from the top and were told what
was possible to publish and what was impossible to publish.
was not so bad because to edit a newspaper or magazine
in those circumstances was very easy work. Before perestroika
we had maybe 10 times more liberals than now because
it was possible for journalists to tell each other,
"You are a genius. I am a genius. We prepared something
great, but those people on the top forbid publishing
D. Boccardi, President and Chief Executive Officer,
The Associated Press:
best overall explanation for this deadly spike in journalists
deaths may be one offered by Anthony Collings in a recent
book called "Words of Fire." Collings once
worked for us, and later worked for The Wall Street
Journal and also Newsweek and CNN.
writes that reporters enjoy relative safety where
there is press freedom ... and also where there is
no press freedom at all, where the news industry is
state- owned or state-controlled.
danger, Collings writes, is in places where theres
a transition under way between suppression and
freedom, where democracy has gotten a foothold and
the governments grip on information is loosening.
places were multiplying quickly as the 20th century
came to an end.
Relying on information gathered by the Committee to
Protect Journalists, Collings says nearly 40 percent
of the worlds population now lives in these
so-called "battleground" or transitional
countries. They are battlegrounds for press freedom,
battlegrounds, as well, for many other issues.
think its a coincidence that reporters and editors
began dying in record numbers at about the time the
Cold War ended and pent-up demands for freedom suddenly
found room to breathe and to speak.